Generally these episodes are associated with airflow obstruction that may be reversed with treatment. Read more below on the symptoms, treatment and causes of asthma.
Asthma is a chronic lung disease. Approximately 300 million people around the globe are affected by asthma. In children, male have a higher asthmatic risk factor, in adults, females have a higher prevalence. If you think you are experiencing asthma symptoms, schedule an appointment with your doctor for asthma screening and test.
- Difficulty in breathing
- Chest Pain
- Chest Tightness
- Nasal Flaring
Severe asthma attacks can be life-threatening, consult your doctor if symptom arises. Below are signs of severe symptoms of an asthmatic attack.
- Cant speak full sentences i.e difficulty in speaking
- Breathlessness even when you lie down
- Mentally unstable, confused and agitated
- Strained muscles on your neck and stomach
- Chest feels tight
- Nostrils flares out when you breath rapidly
- Rapid breathing with visible retractions on your chest
- Rapid pulse
- Bluish coloration of the skin
Causes Of Asthma
Doctors are yet to pinpoint the causes of asthma. Experts believe the disorder is mostly caused by both environmental factors (such as allergens and infections) and genetic (inherited) factors. In allergic response, the immune system reacts when the patient is exposed to allergens such as dusts mites which are the primary allergens that causes/triggers asthma at home. Some other allergens are animal dander, molds, cockroach droppings and pollens. The same allergens that causes sneezing and watery eyes can cause an asthmatic attack in an asthma patient.
Infections: Bacterial and respiratory viral infections play a role in adult onset-asthma. Upper respiratory tract infection are often worsen in both adults and children due to the bacterial and respiratory viral infections.
Animal Dander: Pets at home such as cats, harbours a significant allergen unlike dogs which causes fewer or no allergens. Our clothings and domestic items harbours allergens droppings from cats. People with asthma who has pets such as cats should take precautions and daily personal hygiene to ensure their clothings, shoes and personal belongings are kept far away from their pets.
Enviromental Factor: Irritants such as pollen from plants can also be responsible for triggering an asthmatic attack which has a direct effect to the lungs. examples of irritants are cigarette smoke, indoor chemicals and pollutants from air.s: Dusts from Cockroache Droppings: Cockroache droppings can pose a health risk for an asthmatic patient which triggers an abnormality of the functionality of the liver organ.
Risk Factors That Causes Asthma
Gender: In children, asthma is prevalent in males but in adults it occurs more in females. In adolescence, women have more cases of asthma signs and symptoms. fluctuations in hormonal level affects the severity of asthma in women and pregnant women. Menstrual cycle is associated with severity of the fluctuation of asthma experiences and symptoms in women.